Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

What does Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) mean?

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that structures software using objects, which are instances of classes. OOP is based on the concept of modeling real-world entities and their interactions within a program.

OOP principles include encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. Encapsulation allows data and behavior to be bundled within objects, providing data protection and abstraction. Inheritance allows new classes to inherit properties and methods from existing classes. Polymorphism enables objects of different classes to be treated as objects of a common superclass.

OOP promotes code reusability, modularity, and ease of maintenance in software development.